The jobs that are most susceptible to automation in the near term are those that are fundamentally routine or predictable in nature. If you have a boring job—where you come to work and do the same kinds of things again and again, you should probably worry. The tasks within jobs like this are likely to be encapsulated in the data that is collected by organizations. So it may only be a matter of time before a powerful machine learning algorithm comes along that can automate much of this work.
So the answer to this question is that the jobs that will be safest are those which are NOT routine or predictable.
I think this especially includes 3 kinds of work:
- Creative work — where you are building something new, thinking outside the box in non-predictable ways, etc.
- Human-centered work—where you build sophisticated relationships with people. This would include caring roles, as with a nurse or social worker, but also business roles where you need a need understanding of your clients.
- Skilled trade work—this includes jobs that require lots of mobility, dexterity and flexibility in unpredictable environments. Examples would be electricians or plumbers. Building a robot that can do these jobs is probably far in the future.
Of course, the important caveat here is that this applies only to the foreseeable future. In the long run, major advances in AI—and especially the advent of human-level AI (or AGI)—could be a game changer even for these relatively safe jobs.